What is Psilocybin and what are its effects?

Psilocybin is basically a type of chemical compound which is obtained from fresh or dried hallucinogenic mushrooms. These kinds of mushrooms are mainly found in Mexico, South America and some parts of the United States. 

Psilocybin is found in over 180 types of mushrooms. The mushrooms which contain psilocybin are more commonly referred to as magic mushrooms. They have long and slender stems which are topped by white or grey caps. The dried mushrooms have a reddish appearance.

These mushrooms can be consumed orally. They can also be mixed with tea or other food items. The mushrooms can be used as dried or fresh products. Psilocybin has a bitter taste. Manufacturers also sell these mushrooms in the form of capsules.

What are the various uses of psilocybin?

Psilocybin can be used as a recreational drug. It acts by activating the serotonin receptors of our body. It also has a major role to play in affecting our mood and perception. Psilocybin is being used effectively in recent times for various medical purposes. 

Psilocybin is used as an antidepressant to treat depression. It is also being used as a medication to induce sleep. A lot of research is being undertaken on psilocybin and with time, we are going to use it for various other purposes as well.

What are the effects of using psilocybin?

The effects of psilocybin are similar to that of common hallucinogens like LSD and mescaline. The psychological effects may include hallucination and a feeling of peace and relief. Sometimes panic reaction may also offer especially if you are taking psilocybin in large doses.

When psilocybin interacts with the serotonin receptors of your body, it may alter your sensory perception, mood, hunger, sleep, coordination, sexual behaviour, body temperature and muscle control. Some of the physical effects of psychedelic mushrooms are vomiting, nausea, confusion. If it is used with other chemical substances like alcohol, it may worsen the effect.

Larger doses of psilocybin can cause hallucinogenic effects for a prolonged duration of time. It may also cause paranoia, panic and frightful visualization. Sometimes, it may even lead to death. If you are suffering from vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhoea for several hours after consumption of the mushroom, you should seek medical help immediately.

How to determine the dose of psilocybin?

The dose can vary considerably depending upon the type of mushroom being used and the method of preparation. It also differs from individual to individual. It is also quite difficult to understand the exact species of the mushroom from where the psilocybin is obtained.

If you are using psilocybin for recreational purposes, it is always better to start with small doses. With prolonged usage, you will gradually get to understand which dose is appropriate for you.

So, as you can see, psilocybin, like any other medicinal substances, has both positive as well as negative impacts on our body. So, before you start consuming psilocybin, it is always advisable that you consult a doctor and only after you are 100% sure, you should include it in your diet.